How to improve the Speedboat Retrospective


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Oktober 14, 2015


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The speedboat retrospective is one of my favorite visualization techniques I use in retrospectives. The origin of this technique goes back to Luke Hohmann, who presented it as one of the innovation games in his book “Innovation Games”.

The idea is to draw a speedboat on a flipchart and ask the team: “If our team is this speedboat: What anchors are holding us back and keeping us from getting faster/better.” Then the team collects all their ideas on Post-Its, puts them below the boat and draw a line from the boat to the anchor.

This is how such a speedboat could look like:


This is always a good starting point, for taking the next steps in a retrospective, but the whole technique has one flaw: It only focusses on the negative.

In the last years, I got more and more in contact with the solution focused approach. It is a technique, that focusses on the solutions (as the name already implies) instead of the problems. If you are working with a solution focused coach, she will always try to help you, to focus on the positive things or turn negative comments into positive wishes. This definition is quite simplified, but you’ll get the point.

If we apply the solution focused thinking on the speedboat exercise, the visualization would change into a sailboat and look like this:


Now we not only have anchors holding us back, but wind that blows to move us forward. This gives us the possibility, to turn each anchor into a gust of wind. You can use this sailboat now in two ways:

  1. Ask the team: “What are the gusts of wind that help our sailboat to move forward” and collect their ideas on Post-Its.
  2. Do this exercise in three steps:
    1. First collect all the anchors, as it’s easier for most teams to collect their current problems.
    2. Ask the team to turn each anchor into goals, desires or wishes and put them before the cloud to represent the gusts of wind pushing the boat forward.
    3. Use these “winds” to define a desirable goal that you will use as true north for the rest of the retrospective.

There is even a third alternative, were you only focus on the winds and ignore the anchors. I really like this approach, as it helps the team to focus on the good things and also give them a feeling of accomplishment. Most teams have something positive to talk about, that help them to understand, that there are already things that work fine. And it’s definitely worth the time, to help the team to build on this base.

What do you think about this technique? Do you like it? If you try it, I’d like to read about it in the comments, too.

About the author 

Marc Löffler

Marc Löffler ist Keynote-Speaker, Autor und Mentor für passionierte Scrum Master. Er befasst sich schon seit 2005 leidenschaftlich mit agilen Methoden, wie z.B. Scrum, Kanban oder eXtreme Programming. Bevor er mit dem Thema Agilität in Berührung gekommen war, hat er als zertifizierter Projektmanager (IPMA) bei Firmen wie Volkswagen, Siemens und EADS erfolgreich multinationale Projekte geleitet. Mit Begeisterung hilft er Unternehmen dabei, agile Werte zu verstehen und genau die Form von Agilität zu finden, die zum jeweiligen Unternehmen passt. Dabei nutzt er sein PASSION Modell, um die jeweilige Situation zu analysieren und sinnvolle nächste Schritte hin zur passionierten, agilen Organisation zu definieren. Er liebt es, neue Einsichten zu generieren, und unterstützt Unternehmen dabei, Probleme aus kreativen, neuen Blickwinkeln zu betrachten. Seit September 2018 ist er zertifizierter Professional Speaker GSA (SHB) mit der besten Keynote seines Jahrgangs. Im Jahr 2014 erschien sein Buch „Retrospektiven in der Praxis“ beim dpunkt.verlag. Im Jahr 2018 folgte das Buch „Improving Agile Retrospectives“ bei Addison Wesley. Im Februar 2022 folgte dann das Buch "Die Scrum Master Journey" beim BusinessVillage Verlag.

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  1. That‘ a nice spoonful of improvement to start with, and we’re using even more enhancements in our Speedboat retrospectives:

    – an island to represent the goal/aim

    – rocks/icebergs to illustrate risks and dangers (visible or not)

    And as always, keep improving… (that’s for your too, Marc ;o)

  2. Thank you for your valuable input, François. I really like these additions and will for sure use them in my future speedboat retrospectives 🙂

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